Hot Skills: Apache HTTP Web Server


What is that?

The Apache HTTP Web Server lost a lot of market share to Microsoft’s IIS over the past two years. But since its share once stood at nearly 80% of the market, a readjustment may have been inevitable.

In recent months, Apache’s downfall and IIS growth appear to have leveled off, giving Apache just over 50% and IIS just under 36%. These figures come from Netcraft, which examines absolute numbers, regardless of the size of the site. A survey of the “top 100” US sites gives 49% of Apache and 20% of IIS.

The Apache Software Foundation describes its HTTP server project as “a collaborative software development effort to create a robust, commercial-grade, functional, and freely available source code implementation of an HTTP (Web) server,” protecting the protocols of the Web of exclusive property. The open-source, free-to-download web server has also been very popular with commercial vendors: it is provided by IBM and Oracle, as well as with most Linux distributions.

Where is he from ?

Apache was built from the many fixes provided by various hands for the public domain HTTP daemon (httpd) developed at National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois. Apache 1.0 was released in 1995 and has grown with the growth of the web. The Apache Software Foundation was created in 1999 and is today responsible for more than 30 projects, including the Spacers open source Java application framework, and the Matou servlet container.

That is why?

Apache is the web server component of the Lamp stack, with Linux, MySGL or Postgres, and PHP, Python or Perl. But it is also used with Windows-based and Sun Solaris-based LAMP equivalents, and ships with Mac OSX. Apache has come a long way from serving as simple static and dynamic web pages, with authentication and cryptography, and support for scripting languages.

What makes it special?

While Apache is constantly evolving through bug fixes and regular security releases, it’s remarkably stable, with only two major releases since 1995. While champions tend to overstate its security record (it’s equally vulnerable to sloppy setup and administration), it didn’t suffer from the widespread and high-profile issues that have sometimes followed versions of IIS.

Is it difficult to master?

Not for the faint of heart. Didactic material on the apache.org The site requires you to download the software and get stuck, and as a result, many articles on Apache come from potential newbies looking for advice. Much of this “official” material has also been outdated for years. But there are plenty of independent sites that offer tutorials and support.

What systems does it work on?

Unix, Linux, Windows, Mac OSX, Netware and others.

Rate of pay

Linux and Apache systems administrators start at around £ 25,000 and can fetch up to £ 45,000 with two years of experience.

Coaching

For downloads and tutorials, get started on apache.org.

There are links to more user-friendly external tutorials here.

For Windows users.

Other implementations.

Most tutorials immerse you directly without a preview. There are plenty of books out there that offer a smoother introduction, although Amazon is a better place to start than the outdated list on the Apache site.


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